Burns and Scalds

This information is provided by the American Academy of Pediatrics.  For the complete first aid guide, click here.

General treatment

First stop the burning process by removing your child from contact with hot water or a hot object (for example, oil). If clothing is burning, smother flames and cool clothing by soaking with water. Remove clothing unless it is firmly stuck to the skin. Run cool water over burned skin until the pain stops. Do not apply ice, butter, grease, medicine, or ointment.

Burns with blisters

Do not break the blisters. Ask the pediatrician how to cover the burn and about burns on the face, hands, feet, or genitals.

Large or deep burns

Call 911 or an emergency number. After stopping and cooling the burn, keep your child warm with a clean sheet covered with a blanket until help arrives.

Electrical burns

Disconnect electrical power. If your child is still in contact with electrical source, do not touch them with bare hands. Pull your child away from the power source with an object that does not conduct electricity, only after the power is turned off. All electrical burns need to be seen by a doctor.

Important note: The information contained here should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances.

Source First Aid (Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics)